Escala de Ansiedad por Coronavirus: Un Nuevo Instrumento para Medir Síntomas de Ansiedad Asociados al COVID-19

Palabras clave: ansiedad, coronavirus, COVID-19, propiedades psicométricas, validez

Resumen

Introducción: El propósito de este estudio fue adaptar y validar el Coronavirus Anxiety Scale en una muestra de hispanos residentes en Puerto Rico. Este instrumento es un breve cernimiento de salud mental para identificar síntomas de ansiedad asociados específicamente al COVID-19. Método: Se utilizó un muestreo por disponibilidad y una muestra de 327 participantes de habla hispana. Resultados: Los análisis psicométricos confirmaron que la escala posee una estructura unidimensional y una sólida confiabilidad (Ω = .93) y validez. Los 5 ítems cumplieron con valores adecuados de discriminación, demostrando que el instrumento puede distinguir entre personas que presentan síntomas de ansiedad asociados al COVID-19 y los que no presentan síntomas. El punto de corte, según los análisis realizados, para identificar síntomas significativos de ansiedad por coronavirus fue ≥ 10. La prevalencia de síntomas significativos de ansiedad por coronavirus fue de 15.29% (n = 50). Conclusión: Estos resultados respaldan la escala como una herramienta eficaz y válida para la investigación y práctica clínica.

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Publicado
2020-10-31
Cómo citar
González-Rivera, J., Rosario-Rodríguez, A., & Cruz-Santos, A. (2020). Escala de Ansiedad por Coronavirus: Un Nuevo Instrumento para Medir Síntomas de Ansiedad Asociados al COVID-19. Interacciones, 6(3), e163. https://doi.org/10.24016/2020.v6n3.163
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