Metacognición y autodeterminación, impulsividad e inteligencia emocional, y su relación con indicadores de bienestar y salud en adultos jóvenes

  • John Alexander Castro Muñoz Facultad de Psicología, Fundación Universitaria Sanitas, Bogotá, Colombia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4881-6071
  • María del Rocío Hernández-Pozo Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5781-2825
  • Igor Barahona Torres Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Matemáticas, México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1409-439X
Palabras clave: Cognición, Emoción, Motivación, Salud, Bienestar

Resumen

Introducción: A partir de la evidencia disponible, se infiere que variables cognitivas y motivacionales influyen sobre variables emocionales y estas a su vez influyen sobre la percepción y autorreporte de bienestar y salud, con implicaciones para la promoción y prevención. Método: Se realizó una investigación con enfoque cuantitativo, descriptiva, correlacional y con metodología de análisis explicativo, transversal, analizando los datos a través del modelado de ruta del enfoque de mínimos cuadrados parciales del modelo de ecuaciones estructurales, con el software Smart PLS versión 3.3.2., analizando consecuentemente la validez convergente y discriminante del modelo. Un total de 223 adultos jóvenes participaron, 41 hombres, (18,4%) y 182 mujeres (81,6%) con edades entre 18 a 30 años (µ= 24,26 y σ=±3,30) universitarios de pregrado o licenciatura, en Bogotá Colombia. Resultados: Se identificaron relaciones significativas entre la autodeterminación y la impulsividad e inteligencia emocional, y de estas a su vez con el bienestar psicológico y los hábitos saludables. No se identificaron relaciones significativas entre la metacognición y la impulsividad, aunque sí entre la metacognición y la inteligencia emocional. Conclusiones: Se confirma el modelo propuesto en el cual la metacognición y la autodeterminación se relacionan con la impulsividad y la inteligencia emocional y estas a su vez con el bienestar psicológico y los hábitos de vida saludable. Sobre la ausencia de relaciones entre la metacognición y la impulsividad se sugiere precisar a futuro sobre los procesos metacognitivos implicados que inciden en el control del componente emocional. Se discuten los resultados, sus implicaciones y la necesidad de considerar más determinantes simultáneamente, para la promoción de la salud.

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Publicado
2021-09-22
Cómo citar
Castro Muñoz, J., Hernández-Pozo, M., & Barahona Torres, I. (2021). Metacognición y autodeterminación, impulsividad e inteligencia emocional, y su relación con indicadores de bienestar y salud en adultos jóvenes. Interacciones, 7, e216. https://doi.org/10.24016/2021.v7.216
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