Conductas de adherencia al tratamiento y control del asma: El rol de la percepción del tratamiento

  • Isaías Lugo-González Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2024-2598
  • Cynthia Vega-Valero División de Investigación y Posgrado, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México
Palabras clave: Percepción del tratamiento, Modelo Necesidad-Preocupación, Conductas de adherencia, Control del asma

Resumen

Introducción: En el caso del asma, una de las problemáticas que enfrentan pacientes y servicios de salud es la falta de adherencia al medicamento de control, la cual limita el control de la enfermedad. La percepción del tratamiento (necesidad por el tratamiento y preocupación por efectos adversos del tratamiento) ha sido una de las variables psicológicas que mejor se ha asociado con esta problemática. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar, comparar y relacionar la percepción del tratamiento, las conductas de adherencia y el control de la enfermedad en adultos mexicanos con asma. Método: Participaron 267 adultos con asma de la Ciudad de México, los cuales respondieron una batería de evaluación. Resultados: Los principales resultados mostrando que los pacientes con una percepción de mayor necesidad por el medicamento y una menor preocupación por los efectos adversos del tratamiento son más adherentes y tienen un mejor control del asma que los pacientes con alta necesidad y alta preocupación y con baja necesidad y baja preocupación. Además, se identificó que, una elevada preocupación favorece la falta de adherencia y ésta, impacta negativamente en el control del asma. Conclusión: Se quiere mejorar la adherencia, se necesita incrementar la necesidad para disminuir la preocupación.

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Publicado
2020-03-23
Cómo citar
Lugo-González, I., & Vega-Valero, C. (2020). Conductas de adherencia al tratamiento y control del asma: El rol de la percepción del tratamiento. Interacciones, 6(1), e222. https://doi.org/10.24016/2020.v6n1.222
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